Inverse Intuition > Composition 1 Homepage > Tracking Sheet 9 & 10

Tracking Sheet 9 & 10 and a List of ten connections

These are the names of the assignments for your
word document's file names

Sources for TS 9 & 10

  • Read about each tracking sheet farther below:
  • TS 9 will be an ebook in EFSC databases and TS 10 will be a theory you will use for the MLA paper.

Purpose:

  • To find an ebook about the broader them on the EFSC databases and to summarize notes about them in Tracking Sheet 9.
  • To select a theory, then read and write about that theory in Tracking Sheet 10.
  • To create a list of ten connections between the theory you choose and the subject (broader theme).

Tracking Sheet 9

  • Using EFSC databases, find an ebook about your broader theme.
  • And no, I don't expect you are going to read a whole book; there's no time left in the term.
  • For the citation information at the top of the tracking sheet, use this page ; Valencia does not have ebook citations yet.
  • Once you find an ebook, skim the table of contents or skim through the book and find a chapter or section that appeals to you.
  • The ebook must have been published in 2019 or 2020.
  • In the MAIN CONTAINER section of the tracking sheet summarize the WHOLE book.
  • In the SECOND CONTAINER, discuss a specific chapter or section of that book.
  • Then, like with the other TSs, discuss how it helps your research and lead-in to a quoted passage.
  • Create one proof of the quoted passage
  • Submit email with two attachments: Tracking Sheet 9 and the Word document with the proof.



Tracking Sheet 10

Finding a source

  • This source will NOT be about your broader theme.
  • This source can be from any of the following:
    • An authored article on a website, so fill out TS 10 as you did TS 1 & 2.
    • An EFSC database peer-reviewed article, so fill out TS 10 as you did TS 5-8.
    • An EFSC database ebook, so fill out TS 10 as you did TS 9.
  • You will need to send ONE proof of where you obtained the quote in the source.


Skim this section's bolded areas, below, for a gloss overview,
then if you want to, return to here and read through thoroughly



Choosing a theory: General Discussion of

  • TL;DR: Non-science research papers, such as we are writing, are not about your subject (the broader theme), they are really about the theory.
  • A research paper can be either applied or theoretical.
  • Applied research is lab work (think of hard-sciences) or polling/surveying people (such as Psychology and sociology). Applied research usually follows the same hypothesis, etc of a science fair project. Applied research seeks fact or truth. We are not doing applied research.
  • Theoretical research means attempting to understand some aspect of our world using a theoretical lens (a theory) to focus on a specific subject in a specific way to gain new insights and understandings.
  • Such as what we did with the mini-research papers at the start of the term, applying a theory to a subject to narrow down the subject and see the subject in a specific way.
  • Theoretical papers help us gain meaning without judgement; if you want to judge something to gain meaning, write an essay.
  • Said another way, Applied research turns information about the world into verified knowledge that we can trust as accurate. Theoretical research enlarges meaning of fact and truth.
  • In theoretical research, the theory is the most important part, not the subject being studied.
  • Your MLA paper is really about the theory you choose to use, not the subject (your broader theme) you examine; that's the aim, to convey the theory to others. How you will convey that theory to others is by explaining that theory in a theory paragraph of the MLA paper and then using multiple examples from your Broader Theme and your volunteer site to help your reader understand that theory better.
  • If you keep in mind that the point of the MLA paper is to discuss the theory, you'll write a good research paper.
  • If you think the point of the paper is to write about the subject (your broader theme and volunteer site), you'll have an 8th grade book report.
  • If you want, you can read this article to learn more about "The Value of Theoretical Research and Applied Research"

What's the point?

  • Without peer review in industry, science, and academia, everyone would have to test every piece of information every day.
  • New headache medicine? better run the tests yourself because no one else would have.
  • Air bags work? Better hit something and test them, because no one else did.
  • Most of your day is surrounded by items, ideas, and objects that were tested by others to be efficacious or effective.

Why do I need to know this?

  • Most of the research papers you write throughout college will have a rubric that says you must use x number of peer reviewed articles.
  • If you have none in those papers, the paper will fail.
  • In your BA years, you will be reading peer-reviewed articles weekly for classes, because the newest peer reviewed articles are the most up-to-date useful information in any field of study, months if not years before that information makes it into a new volume of a textbook

End of section





Read each of the bolded TL; DR in each of the three theories.
Then, return to a theory that you like and read about that theory carefully and completely.
You do not have to read all three theories.


Choosing a theory: 1. Social Network Theory

  • If you choose this one, find a source that discusses social network theory but does NOT discuss your broader them.
  • Like we did in the theory section of Mini-research 1 & 2, focus only on the theory here.
  • TL; DR: Social Network theory is now highly popular since COVID happened; it's about the lines of interconnections between individuals and groups.
      Example:
    • Instead of thinking how media connects people, or places connect people, think of how people are just naturally connected to everyone.
    • From family (children, siblings, nephews, nieces, aunts, cousins, etc) to friends to co-workers, I know more than 50 people, but let's just say it's 50 people. And one of those is you. And you know 50 people who I don't know... and each of them knows 50 people who you don't know...and do that 2 more times and that cover 15 billion people (50 x 50 x 50 x 50 x 50 x 50 = ~15 billion), which is twice the population of the Earth.
  • Social Network Theory is more popularly known by the game "Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon" which focuses on the idea that every one on the planet is only six acquaintances from everyone else.
  • Each person in that example chain is a node.
  • Some people know a lot more people than other people, and those people are super nodes.
  • You will have to find a source that discusses Social Networks
  • There is no quantifiable measure to distinguish nodes from super nodes; after, all, this is all theoretical--it's aim is to gain meaning , not fact.
  • Social network theory focuses on the interconnections among people (nodes and super-nodes)

How to use this theory in a paper

  • When we use Social Networks as a theory, we discuss the connections involved connecting any two or three nodes: writers writing articles or books (think TS 1,2, 9), many organizations similar to your service site (think TS 3,4), researchers (TS 5-8) and volunteers, such as yourself and others.
  • The aim of this theory is to show your reader the
    decentralized not controlled from a central source such as media, social media, or institutions like schools and churches
    and intricate interconnection of ideas
  • In the MLA paper, you'll have 4 - 6
    analysis In MR 1 & 2, the two analysis paragraphs connected the theory to the subject/scope
    paragraphs.
  • Each analysis paragraph will be another example for your reader to better understand this decentralized interconnectedness of ideas through social networks.
  • Every paragraph will draw together two or more nodes.
  • A popular article is one node.
  • A journal article is one node, or if the article has many authors, the article is one node that has nestled within it many nodes (all of the authors)
  • Your service site is another node.
  • Other service sites doing similar work is a node.
  • You are a node.

While waiting for TS10 to be stamped as done

  • Create a list of 10 different multi-nodal connections.
  • Each multi-nodal should have 3 or more nodes interconnected.
  • The analysis needs to have
    4 to 6 paragraphs Four if each paragraph is one-half of a page long, and six if each paragraph has the minimum size of 1/3 paper long
  • Of the list of 10 nodal connections, you'll use 4 to 6 from your list in the analysis and then the others will be used in the conclusion to suggest other ways to continue the research on your broader theme.
  • Send me the list of 10 multi-nodal connections, once stamped, this level is done.



  • Choosing a theory: 2. Social Exchange

    • If you choose this one, there is a source listed below for you to use.
    • TL;DR: Social Exchange is basically "What do I get from you, and what do you get from me?" Each side of a social interaction gets something tangible or intangible from the interaction.
    • Avoid thinking that social exchange is using people; this is about the exchange.
    • The key phrase is
      reciprocal exchangegiven, felt, or done in return
      .
    • Even close good friends, or romantic partners, get something out of the friendship: camaraderie, empathy, relaxation, motivation, etc.
    • The opposite of reciprocal exchange is the sense of feeling like we are being used. That person, you know that person, who always needs something from you but never is there when you need something from them. No social exchange, just mental and physical drain.
    • Use this chapter of a book as your source for TS 10 and for the MLA paper: Read the section on Social Exchange (which starts on page 42)
    • Use this page covering how write a citation for a Chapter of a Book Online
    • You will have to look up on Google the citation information that is not listed in the PDf file

    How to use this theory in a paper

    • Each analysis paragraph should focus on one exchange and what both sides each get from that exchange.
    • Do not use the same "get" twice.
    • A volunteer service site | you
      • A service site gets free labor | you get hours for class or Bright Future Scholarships.
    • Now that you've used the ideas of "free labor" and "get hours for class" you cannot use those ideas again in your other listed exchanges.
    • Service site | you
      • Your service site gets free publicity (called Good Will) because you tell others about that place | you get real-experience.
    • Academic researchers (such as peer-reviewed articles) | Organizations
      • An academic researcher gets to use the Broader theme for researching and publishing | the organization gets added knowledge
      • Said another way: Without the broader theme, like Animal Rights, academics wouldn't have a need or want to research and write about animal rights, thus they wouldn't have the opportunity (and academics NEED opportunities to research and write | Animal rights organizations get new knowledge from the research done about animal rights.
    • Popular article | People interested in the Broader Theme
      • Popular article's get a topic to write about | the general population who do have an interest in, say, Animal Rights, get information.

    While waiting for TS10 to be stamped as done

    • Make a list of 10 exchanges; each exchange needs to have two sides, and both sides must get something.
    • The analysis needs to have
      4 to 6 paragraphs 4 if each paragraph is half a page long, and 6 if paragraphs are the minimum size of 1/3 paper long
    • Of the list of 10 social exchanges, you'll use 4 to 6 from that list in the analysis and then the others will be used in the conclusion to suggest other ways to continue the research on your broader theme.
    • Send me the list of 10 social exchanges, once stamped, this level is done.




    Choosing a theory: 3. Community

    • If you choose this theory, find a source that discusses community as it is "defined" below.
    • TL;DR: As a theory, community is a group of people working together to solve shared problems
    • Typically, community is about geography; geography need not be involved with this theory.
    • We are using a very focused definition: Community as a group of people who have a shared interest and seek to solve problems concerning that shared interest.
    • Problems don't mean we NEED fix them. The word Problem could also be a puzzle-like concern.
        Example:
      • I once met a guy at Palm Bay Campus who made his own remote controlled life-size R2-D2. It cost him $10,000 in parts. One problem he had was making the dome head.
      • Turns out, there is a whole community of Star Wars props makers connected on the web, and no one could figure out how to make a dome head without having a welded seam running down it.
      • Someone suggested a missile manufacturer could should be able to do it. So someone in the community called a missile company, got a quote for the R2D2 heads, gathered hundreds of people's money into an account, paid the company, and everyone got their R2 D2 dome heads.
    • Communities are everywhere; you are a member of many communities.
      • You are a member of a community of college students that is GLOBAL. (Imagine meeting someone from another college, here or abroad. There would many "problems" you would discuss with them: difficult tests, lots of homework, book store prices etc.
      • You are also a member of our Titusville campus with other "problems": which teacher to take, where to find inexpensive food, etc.
    • Sometimes problems cannot be fixed, but we can
      ameliorate to make better or more tolerable
      the problem.
      • Domestic violence cannot be fixed; it would be naive to think some magic wand will make the problems go away. Instead, practically, organizations such as the Women's Center seek to
        ameliorate to make better or more tolerable
        the problem of domestic violence by making the problem less frequent with the hopes that one day, some day, the problem will be gone.

    How to use this theory in a paper

    • Each analysis paragraph should focus on one specific problem within the wider community of your Broader theme.
    • You can find these problems in many of your tracking sheets.
    • You do not need to have solutions to these problems; you are pointing out how working on the problem is part of what connects the community together.
    • Ts 1 and 2, the web articles may or may not address problems in a community.
      • Many times popular articles like TS 1 and 2 are information sheets and not suggestive of a problem.
      • But check your TS 1 and 2 and see if either article mentions a problem.
    • TS 3 and 4 may or may not address problems. A non-profit or .gov article may not necessarily discuss that communities' problems, but look at your TS 3 and 4 and see if they did.
    • TS 5, 6, 7 and 8 addressed problems in the community of your broader theme or t would not be a peer-reviewed journal article.
      • Look back at your TS 5-8 and ask what the problem is that the article addresses.
    • Your TS9 ebook will have, in some chapter, mentioned problems/ puzzles or it wouldn't be a book. However, you may have focused on a section of a book that did not cover any problems. Look at TS 9 and see if that section or chapter discussed a problem.

    While waiting for TS10 to be stamped as done

    • Create a list of 10 problems addressing the community of your broader theme.
    • If you had a chance to volunteer, you can even have a paragraph of a problem you noticed when you were there.
    • Each paragraph should address a specific problem in your broader theme's community.
    • The analysis needs to have
      4 to 6 paragraphs 4 if each paragraph is half a page long, and 6 if paragraphs are the minimum size of 1/3 paper long
    • Of the list of 10 problems, you'll use 4 to 6 in the analysis and then the others will be used in the conclusion to suggest other ways to continue the research on your broader theme.
    • Send me the list of 10 problems, once stamped, this level is done.