Assignment: Mini-Research #2


  • To build on the previous skeletal structure of a research paper.
  • Learn how to energize your words and sentences and to use colons and semi-colons properly.


  1. Download The Mini-Research Structure document to learn the structure.
  2. Amend Mini #1 by removing pus words (see below) and using colons correctly (see below).
  3. You must DOWNLOAD, PRINT, and ATTACH THIS SHEET to the top of your paper; Papers without this sheet are NOT accepted.


A paper may be an autocratic redo if it does not follow these criteria:
  • Re-write Mini-Research #1 by removing all Pus Words (See below)
  • Use two colons and two semi-colons correctly (See below).
  • Add a second quote/source to one of the analysis paragraphs
  • Must have perfect formatting according to the Formatting assignment.
  • Paper must end somewhere after 1-1/2 pages; do not go onto page 3
  • Any paper length given by any professor as an assignment does not include the Works Cited page. The number of pages concerns the number of pages of YOUR writing.
  • For this course, only use the following source for your Works Cited page: MLA resource.
  • Proper assignment name, staple, and legible black ink required.
  • Must have all parts of the research paper, as per mini-research document above:
    • For the "Theory" part, cite (quote) from a professional source. (USE one of the two colons to introduce the quote)
    • For "Literature review" section, discuss three professional websites that concern your topic:
    • Encyclopaedias and dictionaries are NOT professional sources.
    • Do NOT quote these sources in the Lit review; just talk about them and summarize what their whole page/article is about.
    • Do NOT cite these literature review sources in the Works Cited.

Remove Pus words

  • See the list and read about the Pus Words.
  • Learn these words as they are forbidden on all papers for the rest of the term.
  • Be careful of contractions: don't use I'm or we're, which are I am and we were, respectively.
  • Watch for incorrect spelling: "We where leaving" has a misspelled pus word: were.

Severity of the Presence of Pus

  • For most assignments after mini research 1, more than 2 or 3 pus words is an automatic redo.

Examples of Removing Pus

  • Films today are more edgy and exciting. We aren't bored by them.
    • Exciting and edgy, films no longer bore us.
    • These exciting and edgy films no longer make us bored.
  • It was raining when I left the murder scene.
    • Rain fell as I left the murder scene.
    • I left the murder scene as rain fell.
  • She was stunned by the sheer size of the cliff.
    • The sheer size of the cliff stunned her.
    • Stunned, she looked in awe at the sheer size of the cliff.
  • He gets to go home.
    • He has permission to leave and go home.
  • She got a brand new car.
    • Her parents gave her a brand new car.
    • She bought a brand new car.
    • She stole a brand new car.

Use Colons and Semi-Colons Properly

  • Use the colon two times correctly (either of the following).
    • Full sentence: list [FS:list]
    • Full sentence: "quoted material" (Smith 32).
  • Use the semi-colon two times correctly (either of the following).
    • Full sentence; full sentence. [FS;FS]
    • Full sentence; [conjunctive adverb], full sentence.

Examples of Colons

  • CORRECT colon use
    • We need supplies: bread, milk, and cheese.
    • (With a colon, one side -- the right side of the above -- contains a list and ONLY a list.)
  • INCORRECT colon use
    • We need supplies: such as bread, milk, and cheese.
    • (Is there a thing called a "such as bread"
  • CORRECT colon use with quotes
    • Full Sentence: "quote"
    • Edison believed in a clear ratio of intelligence to work: "one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration."

Example of setting up quote:

  • A full sentence giving the first word, usually the author's name, from the works cited citation and the general idea of the quote that will follow: "the actual word-for-word quote"
  • Alan Crowe in his article "Doggy Friends" suggests that when dogs first meet, they should do so in a place new to both of them: "Introduce the dogs in a neutral location that is unfamiliar to both dogs, such as a park."

Examples of Semi-colons

  • CORRECT semi-colon use
    • We need supplies; you should buy milk, bread, and cheese.
    • (Note that both sides of the semi-colon can be read as full sentences)
  • INCORRECT semi-colon use
    • We need some supplies; bread, milk, and cheese.
    • (The semi-colon means each side is a full sentence,
      but the phrase "bread, milk, and cheese" is not a full sentence.)